Grand Master Joao Pequeno: Possible Origins Names of Capoeira
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In this video, Grand Master Joao Pequeno (1917-2011), one of Mestre Pastinha's students, explains one possibility of the possible reasons capoeira has it's name; African slaves used to play in the grass, also named capoeira. Present are 3 Senzala Mestres: Sorriso, Toni Vargas and Peixinho.
Capoeira (kapuˈejɾɐ) is an Afro-Brazilian art that blends martial arts, music, acrobatics, dance and sports. It is described as a game (jogo) and is non-competitive.
It traces its origins in African traditions such as n'golo, but was also influenced by indigenous Brazilian practices. This diverse art most likely occurred as African slaves were being brought into Brazil by the Portuguese colonialists around the 16th century. This appears to be a transculturation process where the art form continues to evolve and develop so that it appears to be the capoeira we see today.
The origin of the word, "capoeira", is unknown, but is said to derive from the Tupi-Guarani language, referring to the low vegetation areas in parts of Brazil.
Capoeira is known for its swift and complex movements that combines acrobatics with ground movements, incorporating also the use of kicks, punches and headbutts. In a capoeira game, the group forms a circle ("roda") where two players play in the middle. This is accompanied by singing, music and clappings, and in this way, everyone participates in the game.
Mestre Elias is the founder of this branch of Grupo Senzala, the Senzala Capoeira Group of Teresopolis. He heads this Grupo Senzala and has devoted much of his time in the teaching of this art.
He became a Mestre in 1990 and has helped spread capoeira to England, France and Germany and now Malaysia and the Philippines, through his students. Today, he travels all around the world to introduce the art of capoeira,as well as to encourage capoeira students to continue expressing their passion and joy in capoeira.
Professor Parabolica became a "Professor" under the teachings of Mestre Elias. He arrived in Southeast Asia in 2008, and has taught capoeira in this region ever since. Having many years of experience with capoeira, he continues to inspire his students to pursue their goals and dreams to be better capoeiristas.
He is currently teaching the Grupo Senzala in Penang in Malaysia, and in Bacolod City in the Philippines.